Mental Illness Conditions

It is a statistic that underscores just how common mental illness is: one in five Canadians will experience a mental health problem at some point in their lives. The problem may be minor and manageable with minimal support, or it may be persistent and require intensive and long-term treatment. There is not one type of mental illness, one set of symptoms or one treatment method. Mental illness can be as individual as the people who live with it. While there are standards for treatment, and symptoms associated with certain conditions, mental illness can not be fit into a box.

Somewhere, every day, we cross paths with someone who is living with mental illness.

Here, we provide information on the most common mental illnesses, their symptoms and treatment. Please speak to your healthcare provider for more detailed information.

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Capital Health’s Addiction and Mental Health Program is taking major steps to improve care for individuals living with concurrent disorders.

An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is an injury that has occurred or been acquired as a result of an event taking place after birth.

Listening to our parents growing up, we probably heard a lot about weather and the connection to our health. Whether it is through arthritis or mood, most of us recognize that the weather has an impact on our emotional and physical health. A ray of sunshine breaking through an overcast sky can lift our spirits. A dull, rainy day can make us feel a little gloomy.

Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression, is an illness that affects thoughts, feelings, perceptions and behavior. It even makes a difference in how a person feels physically - known clinically as psychosomatic presentations.These severe mood swings are not necessarily related to events in the person’s life.

Bipolar disorder affects approximately one per cent of the population. It typically starts in late adolescence or early adulthood and affects men and women equally.

Bipolar disorder can be treated. Many of the treatments have been improved over the years, and research shows new advances to help those living with this illness to lead normal and healthy lives.

Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia. According to recent studies, one in 11 Canadians currently has Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia.

As individuals, we have a range of moods that we experience and we have some control over how everyday things affect our moods. When our moods begin to control us, change frequently, or stay the same for a long period of time, a mood disorder may be the reason.

We all experience times when we feel low or sad. For someone living with depression, feeling sad can grow into a feeling of complete hopelessness. Depression is a serious illness that has a profound impact on the person and the people around them. Getting help early, and having a supportive network of friends, family and health care professionals, is critical for treatment and recovery.

One of the most important steps toward recovering from an eating disorder is recognizing that you need help.

Eating disorders are complex and serious. Food, eating and body image difficulties become the language through which a person expresses concerns about themselves. Two types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Anorexia nervosa is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. It is the most fatal of all psychiatric illnesses. Mortality rates after 20 years are between 15-20 per cent.

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